The American Gamefowl
fowl sold for breeding purposes only
a brief over view of the history of the American Gamefowl.

John A. Sears Fowl
Albany, Brown Red, Eagle, Spangled Kelso, Grey,
Hatch, Spangled Roundhead & North Briton Whitehackle
John Sears Fowl - from king Henry VIII

Designed, Culled and Hand Selected for over a Century to Produce Perfection

Colonel Sanders Texas Gamefowl Bloodlines history

Albany     (Reb Williamson & Stub Poyner)
Brown Red   (Joe Wingate, Jerry Hughes, Larry Blevins, Charlie Carr)
Eagles, Butchers, or Clarets (Rev. C.H. Sanders, D.H. Pierce, Colonel Madagin, Phil Marsh)
Spangled Kelso (Cecil Davis, Jeffrey Reed)
Grey (Madigan, Manziel, Fowler)
Hatch (Jerry Hughes, John O. Fowler, Sweater McGuiness, Doc Robinson, Shorty Wallace, Lee Roy Westbrook)
Roundhead (Ralph Bridges)
Spangled Roundheads (Juan Garza)
North Briton Whitehackles (Doug Page & John A. Sears)

Ralph Bridges Lacy Roundhead



"Pork Chop" Jerry Hughes in major competition for 27 years!
bloodline  received directly from John O. Fowler & Sweater McGuiness
 (Hatch Brood Cock is a 6 Time Winner in the gaff at Dillard)

My Blueface Hatch come from Jerry Hughes who is known as "Pork Chop" to cockers and who has perfected this Hatch strain for eighty 80 years.  He had purchased some of this strain from the late John O. Fowler in the seventies.  John O Fowler purchased these Blueface gamefowl directly from Sweater McGuiness.  During his lifetime he had the Winningest fowl in the South East.  Therefore my Blueface bloodline history goes as follows: Sandford Hatch, J.D. Perry, Sweater McGuiness, John O. Fowler, Jerry "Pork Chop" Hughes, to myself "Colonel" C.C. Sanders.  Sweater McGuiness bred this strain from J.D. Perry who worked for C.C. Cooke who had purchased all of Sandford Hatch's & E.W. Law's gamefowl creating the Lawridge Plantation in Florida.  The leg color stems from the Brown Red influence that Sandford Hatch and Jerry Hughes infused into the mix.  My Brood Cock Jerry Hughes showed twice as a stag and then four times a cock in the gaff.  At 80 years of age Jerry Hughes let this amazing Blueface Hatch cock retire on my place giving me not only this amazing bird but also the trophies this bird had won during his life time as a Gamecock. "Pork Chop" my Blueface Brood Cock 6 time winner at Dillard Game Club.  These Hatch fowl were the last gamefowl to leave John O Fowler's game fowl farm before he before he died.  Originally, Jerry Hughes wanted to purchase another Hatch hen from John O Fowler but John had sent him three hens and a cock in the mail - when Jerry called to tell John that he had sent him too many birds and that he owed him some money - his wife told him that John had passed away - and he knew what he was doing when he sent him the last of his Hatch brood trios.  Now Jerry Hughes at 80 years of age has handed me this famous and perfected line of  "Pork Chop" & "Fowler" gamefowl that were handed down from John O. Fowlers famous line of Alabama gamefowl and Jerry's father.  John O. Fowler and Harrold Brown together culled this strain to perfection.  For (27) twenty seven years Colonel Sanders and Jerry Hughes have culled the Hatch first by showing each stag (2) twice his first year then showing (4) four times as cock before letting any cock retire with 6 wins in the brood pens.  At the end of gamefowl history in Texas this method to maintain the pure strain of Hatch won the last five derbies in a row at Cripple Creek making Jerry Hughes hatch strain and method legendary.  The legends have teamed up with two other famous cockers Rick Merriman and Juan Garza and plan on wining until the end in Louisiana.  A documentary about the life of cocker and our history in the United States is in the works and will be available soon on DVD.  Looking at the lives of great men like Jerry Hughes, John O Fowler, Mike Ratliff, Westbrook, Ralph Bridges, and others who have helped support this way of life until the end.  We would like to hear about you too! Let us hear about how you have perfected your gamefowl.  This is a place for the fraternity of foundation breeders.

"Pork Chop" Jerry Hughes
winning five derbies straight in a row at Cripple Creek




The famous side stepping polecat genetic!

The famous "Side Stepper" technique is a characteristic that I look for - here it is in action above.  True some challenges are won on luck however certain strains have both game and skill combined - and that is what I look for - intelligence in action - and a play maker.  During a derby I noticed this cock - because he single handedly won the competition! In the pit this cock was untouched in five straight pittings letting every other fowl pass him just once.  During the derby he was fought again against a noted breeder in the back yard of the pits - with another victory. On his seventh fight that day he was hurt from the nerves going off from his dead and defeated opponent because he was not picked up right after claiming another win.   As a result the cock lost an eye and damaged his wing. Despite these injuries Shorty fought him again and he won the derby not even leaving the ground with a broken wing, punctured lung, and one eye.  I believe that Shorty proved a point with all of the young cockers in the area and how his cock claimed the pit.  I really admired that cock in action he was calm in the pit and to add to it - had a strategy in the pit - with all of the noise and people around he was prepared to do one thing - win.  I asked him what he was going to do with the cock and he told me that he was considering killing him because of his injuries.  He now lives his remaining years as my brood cock for my yellow leg "Shorty Wallace" Democrat Hatch strain.  This Yellow Leg Hatch strain came direct from Walter Kelso, Cecil Davis, and Shorty Wallace.  Have a great Spangled Cecil Davis strain in the woodshed.

Democrat Eagle Brood Cock,  7 Time Winner at Sunset in same meet.
8 Time Winner


The blood in that battle cock was a mixture of these fine genetics.  I believe the early Democrats were Hatch Claret crosses.  I gave him $100.00 bucks and walked off with a half dead champion.  As the week progressed his other eye closed leaving him blind for a few days - I immediately gave him some liquid "Alive" multiple vitamins, fish oil, and flax seed oil for strength.  I gave him human multiple vitamins and used hydrogen peroxide on his damaged eye and then flushed it with clean water daily and during that time we developed a bond because he could not see to eat and he knew I was there to help him.  He gathered his strengths quickly and within two weeks had no visible problems despite only having one eye. Amazingly, all of his children posses their fathers winning techniques and nice temperament.  I say temperament because these are really docile birds to people and are real easy to tame considering they fear nothing. "Chuck" lives his remaining championship years with me.   His children all possess their father's "Polecat" side stepping technique which only lets their opponent pass them just once!  Below are the children of the champion – who have followed their fathers footsteps.  These are Colonel Sanders (Hatch / Claret) Democrat cocks with four wins under both of their belts.  They would make someone great proven brood fowl at $1,000.00 each  - I will be raising more identical Democrat young trio's this next year for $600.00


Butchers, Clarets, & Eagles

My Clarets are my Butchers and my Butchers are my Eagles.  The same separate blood I infuse three ways from old Sanders Eagle Stock, Madigan Claret Stock and Phil Marsh Butcher Stock.  Mixing the genetics of champions from three separate competing and respected breeders raising and perfecting the same strain of claret stock.  My old battle mix is a Hatch / Claret cross and that cross itself changed the pits of the south in the early 1930's.  It was perhaps first noticed when early cockers in the south created these undefeated yellow legged Hatch fowl - men like Herman Pinnon, Walter A. Kelso and Sweater McGuiness made these early yellow legged hatch lines distinct by infusing old American Eagle blood whose the culprit of the yellow leg that also relates to all common American Strains like the Rhode Island Red and White Leghorns. Back in the wood shed there was a very tuff American Barnyard chicken. Too many people line breed which I am personally opposed to doing.  I recommend infusing Kelso, Pinnons or Sweaters they are all the same in the gene pool.  Infusing the same mix after decades is one of my methods. Strains created from Sandford Hatch, C.C. Cooke, J.D. Perry, Jerry Fields, and E.W. Law are great bloodlines to blend together when they have been effectively culled by effective breeders and competitors. 



E.W. Law and Colonel Madigan got some of my grandfathers Church Eagle blood in the 1930's and during world war II after losing to him in every match and derby.  My great grandfather Charles Henry Sanders was a preacher and would have a chicken dinner at the church every Sunday night - instead of killing a bird himself he would let two cocks fight it out between themselves letting god sort out the winner from the dinner.  His wife Carrie Tuetkin my great grandmother was a Jew and her father my great great grandfather was a Mason named Rickliff Tuetkin who collected and imported these fine game birds from Ireland and New York in the early 1800's and some of that lineage was used by King Henry the 8th who himself was an avid game enthusiast and compared these gamecocks to the proper demeanor of a good knight.  Rickliff Tuetkin gave these Eagles to his son a minister named Charles Henry Sanders my great grandfather who built the only church in Almond, Wisconsin. He loved to eat gamefowl. His son my grandfather Lawrence E. Sanders created the first car dealership in Appleton, Wisconsin called Sanders, Mathers and Lambo - Ford, Lincoln, Mercury and Jaguar.  Curly Lambo - of Lambo Field for the Green Bay Packers.  The first car dealership had its first car garage ran by a man who married my great Aunt named Dudley Peirce.  Dudley opened up the first car body shop in existence working on old model A's and T's. As my grandfather had the first car dealership - Peirce had the first body shop - fixing and specializing in fixing the first cars on the road like model A's and Model T's right from the start of automotive history.  Both men were Masons, Pilots, and also great breeders of cattle, horses, and poultry. Dudley crossed the church eagles with some of Rickliff's Black Devils creating a brand new fighting machine called the Wisconsin Red Shufflers.  Going to the fighting pits in the south from 1910 through 1950 they defeated Wortham, Madigan, and Law every time.  As a result Madigan purchased fowl from Peirce from 1938 through 1942 improving what we call Clarets - today.  


As a result the southern cockers bought chickens from Peirce who had to sell these birds to keep my grandfathers car dealership alive during the great depression.  Peirce became famous later on for his Wisconsin Red Shufflers which were the best gamefowl in the world back from 1890 through 1942 according to all US gamefowl journals at the time. Thanks to these birds the car dealership stayed alive through the great depression.  Peirce was a marketing genius creating the cities first fire engines and today the best fire trucks in the world still have Peirce's name on them.  They sold literally thousands of game fowl for $1.50 to $5.00 a bird back from 1900 - 1942 in issues of a game magazine named The Feathered Warrior.  The heads on these game fowl still look like eagles.  A trait noticed in some Clarets and Butchers to this day that came from the Eagles when Madigan infused the genetics to enhance his percentages back from 1938 through 1943 which breeding characteristics were created from the survivors of chicken dinners at a church for over half a century. Until then Colonel Madigan the father of the Claret was known for loosing countless birds at the pit trying to find and develop the perfect fowl.


This is product of the combined genetics

Colonel Sanders Pure Democrat Brood Cocks
offspring of the brood cock above each with 4 wins
You can just see the winning power!
Look at these awesome cocks!


There are certain other strains that I have noticed that posses this gameness and strategy.  They are Ted McLean Hatch, Colonel Givens Hatch and Payton Democrats. Sanford Hatch who originated this strain fowl did it by combining Whitehackle's, Roundheads, and Brown Reds which are the reason for the occasional spangles, and different leg colors such as yellow, blue and green legs.  All of the spangles in this strain originally come from two Whitehackle hens that came from Long Island New York when a man named Murphy climbed a tree specifically to get them.  Hatch is the most popular strain of the American Gamefowl in the world!  Hatch are a blend of Whitehackle, Albany, and BrownRed genetics. They cross well with all strains adding great characteristics in strength and intelligence and became popular during the first world war.  Well kept Democrat Hatch Gamefowl can live for about 16 years.


I have several breeds of top notch gamefowl: Albany's, Murphy Brown Reds, Black Devils, Colonel Madigan Clarets & Greys,  Sanders Eagles, Sanders Shufflers, Sweater's Blueface Hatch, Sweaters Thompson's, Ralph Bridges Roundheads, Juan Garza Spangled Roundheads, Kelso Yellow Leg Hatch, E.W. Law and Madigan Grays, and North Briton Whitehackles for sale.

Proven Brood trio                    $1,500.00  

(Available for the first time only because the sport is over in 2008 for Texas.)

Proven Brood Cocks                  $1,000.00
Brood Hen                              $500.00
Show Cock                              $500.00

Pullets                                   $250.00
Stags                                     $250.00
Young Trios                             $600.00 
Dozen Pure Eggs                      $125.00 a dozen

Specify in an email on exactly what you want and need - as I aim to please you with the finest game fowl and genetics in the world!  To prove that satisfaction is my main focus to my fellow friends in this fraternity I have included only top veterans, good links, and respected breeders on this site that can offer you quality as there are no fees to this site and my goals are to unite the modern gamefowl breeders of the world today online as we face new challenges state by state and issue by issue.  Other breeders have been included to help you on your way to develop and achieve the quality game fowl you always knew you were capable of breeding and raising throughout your life.  May you raise the perfect bird dear friends, The Colonel


Below in action is my Mclean Brood cock with 8 wins under his belt in major competition in the gaff and two in the naked heel!  The challenger sparring is his son who is 20 weeks old here - his mother is a pure claret cross as bred by C.H. Sanders, Shorty Wallace, and Ray Alexander.  This Hatch / Claret cross averages over 90% in wins for friends in various areas throughout the world and it is all based on the genetics alone.


Hatch| Claret Stag with a McLean 8X Brood Cock

The Hatch blood came form Sanford a.k.a. "Sandy" Hatch who blended, as the story goes, a North Briton Whitehackle like the kind John A. Sears has in Connecticut with a Brown Red, mixing in other bloods like the Boston Roundheads, Jim Thompson Mahoganies, among others, to come up with his signature Hatch fowl. From the Sandy Hatch stocks came Ted McLean’s version of Hatch that came both yellow and green-legged - eventually Ted enhanced the Roundhead characteristics giving most of the fowl thicker bodies and yellow legs. The cock in the above picture is a Ted McClean hatch cock.


Supposedly, these were the better Hatches that gave rise to the other variants of the Hatch recognized by the breeders that perfected their fowl in competition.  Many of the recognized breeders were men who were also county judges and congressmen in the United States Senate.  These breeders created strain known as: Ted McLean, Gilmore Hatch, Fox Hatch,  Bull Run Hatch, Blueface Hatch, Jack Walton Hatch, Perry Hatch, Walter Houston Hatch, Charlie Carr, Jim Vance, Blevins, Post Oak Hatch, Kentucky Hatch, Riverview, Bull Run, Jimmy East, Payton Democrat Hatch, Oakgrove Hatch, etc..

The original Hatch Bloodlines were created out of the BrownRed, Roundhead and Whitehackle Strains.  Later "Sandy" Sandford Hatch developed which today is primarily noticed and known as "Hatch" and certain strain such as the "Blueface" was perfected and created by Billy Rubel. My Hatch Bloodline comes from Shorty Wallace and his hatch bloodline which also has hatch from three of the best Hatch breeders of the south which made him famous in the pits of Oklahoma and Louisiana in the south.  My McClean Hatch brood cock Shorty Wallace fought ten times before letting him retire on my yard Shorty Wallace still fights and competes to this day in 2007 with his gamefowl and has spent over half a century perfecting his gamefowl and genetics.  He gave me what he considered to be his very best McClean hatch hen that has produced chicks for over 8 years under Shorty Wallace her children as stags have 40 fights with 35 wins averaging 87.5% .  This is the foundation of my Pork Chop, Fowler, Wallace hatch.  In the days of legal cockfighting in Texas - Shorty Wallace, Pork Chop, Walter Houston with his Blueface Hatch, and Ralph Bridges with his Roundheads were living legends in gamefowl history.  The original north Briton Whitehackle breeding characteristics kept in the hatch genetics are pure but yet spread out through my hatch gene pool.  I believe that Colonel Givens enhanced the Lieper and McClean hatch strains improving the posture and conformity of the gamefowl.  


(Blueface / Lieper / McClean )  These Hatch strains will enhance the power and calmness of any breed – a very stable and intelligent powerful bird with a unique sense of fighting strategy.  This is a very intelligent strain of hatch with a ton of hitting power that can enhance any hatch brood stock.  The deadly accuracy of the Wallace Hatch makes this combo the ultimate breeding program for pure Hatch gamefowl.  To keep the gene pool pure in Hatch and strong in variety our Hatch have come from three very old and proven hatch family influences which were been perfected Jerry "Pork Chop" Hughes & Shorty Wallace as now bred by Colonel Sanders. 


Pork Chop and the Colonel will show this year in Louisiana 2007 & 2008 under the entry known as "Pork Chop"

Col. Chris Sanders

Dee Cox - Roundheads, Hatch, Curtiss Blackwell, Grays, Kelso - direct from Archie Kehr 
or you can call him at (940) 337-3168 or home (940) 592-5369 between  10p.m. - 1a.m. central standard time


Texas – Roundheads


"Premium Blend Entry" - Roundhead bred by Floyd Richard Earl Merriman

Pea combed, tall and white or yellow legged, Roundheads are considered as ring generals. They are characteristically flyers and agile all-around athletes with superb cutting ability. The most famous among the many Roundheads is the Lacy Roundhead, originated by Judge Lacy. There are other Roundhead families like the Ralph Bridges, Garza & Garza, Dee Cox, Rick Merriman, Bruners, Sheltons, Allen and Boston. It is widely believed that this family originated from the oriental fowl. They cross well with Clarets, Butchers, Greys, and Hatch. Colonel Sanders Roundheads came from Ralph Bridges of Denton Texas.  After Ralph died the Colonel sent some of them to Alabama and the rest is American Gamefowl history.




Double and Twisted
a connoisseur of finer fowl

Above is Famous Cocker Rick Merriman of Iowa Park Texas holding one of his Merriman Roundheads
Whose bloodline includes: Bama Sports - Dee Cox and family Roundheads and Spangle Hatch, Dan Gray - Roundheads. Black Smith - White Radio's and Spangled Hatch. EZ Entry - Wendell Loveday - Radio Kelso -  Curtiss Blackwell - Bumble foots.  Archie Kehr Kelso blood. Buster Madison Blacks, Perry & Pokey Stover, and "Little" Joe Nunez selections of the best gamefowl ever challenged at Texoma.

Rick is feared in the pits of Texas for his black Roundhead crosses.

Rick is having a special this year for fellow cockers - and he has birds that have won World Championship competitions and is offering these gamefowl with these fantastic bloodlines for the first time to the public to help preserve these great lines of gamefowl.

You may e-mail Rick at: 

or you can call him at (940) 337-3168
                    or home (940) 592-5369 between  10p.m. - 1a.m. central standard time

These guys break fast and fight in the air – they always stay on top – and just keep on going and going. 
They are known as Texas Roundheads, Alabama Roundheads, and Bama Sport Roundheads.

The Roundheads have yellow legs they are from two distinct world wide champions – who are both from Texas and who competed at different eras.   Ralph Bridges was legendary in the days since world war II with his Bridges Roundheads.  He claimed that these Roundheads had lived in Texas since the days of the Civil war dating back to the 1860’s in Texas.  Defeating everyone in Texas for probably about 150 years at some point or another – this is that strain of one of  the very oldest and established American Gamefowl Strains used to create several of the well known strains today.  Tony Garza and his Roundheads have walls of titles and trophies in every pit of the country. Juan Garza, Rick Merriman, Roy String King Bingham,  Joe Nunez, and Ralph Bridges are the foundation bloodlines of Texas Roundhead stock they are proven in the pit and from the oldest strains of foundation fowl in existence. We can call them Texas Roundheads. 


Texas Legendary Cocker Mike Ratliff

Mike Ratliff with a Grey Cock
offering his last classes of Game Fowl Training & School
this is a real opportunity for people who want to learn by a Texas living legend!
DVD's, School Videos, 100 Cocks & Brood Trios Available
Box 1135, Blanket Texas 76432
Phone (325) 748-5581

“Polecats & Butchers” 

Originated by Colonel Madigan who bought fowl from everybody in the United States including my great grandfather Charles Henry Sanders who was a preacher that developed what was known as his church eagles for over seventy years. My secret is the Roundhead / Claret Cross.  The Roundhead Claret cross has become a new solid breed of foundation fowl for many called the butcher. Phil Marsh & Tony Garza have many derby championships that have proved the "Butcher" World Wide. This is a famous old time battle cross which helped define early battle crosses as being superior in battle next to their pure breed parents.  This was one  of  those old time pole cat creations that helped define the breeding programs of what is done  today to create modern game fowl.  Shorty Wallace Madigan Clarets and Tony Garza Madigan Clarets, Ralph Bridges Roundheads and John A Sears Whitehackles created this new foundation fowl which was loved and respected in the legendary pits of the south. The “old-timers” are dark red, some are spangled and come pearl legged and black spurred and they fit the profile of what Colonel Madigan established as his Claret gamefowl.  Their legs are very wide a part from one another and because of this they do very good in any competition.  All of Ralph Bridges brood fowl had from 4 to 17 wins each.  His best Roundheads and Clarets died from old age living fifteen to twenty two years.  His breeding program lasted for over fifty years in Denton, Texas.  Combined with our Sweater McGuiness polecat eagle strain our Clarets are second to none.


This is the only cross we offer as brood fowl because of genetic quality.  The genetics allow for this fowl to out live many others because the are in fact a superior breed of gamefowl.  Even though the bird is a crossed to become a polecat it has noticeably and exceptionally improved every breeding program they have been introduced to worldwide.  Just like how Walter Kelso crossed Albany, Roundhead, and Whitehackle strains for his famous Kelso strain. This strain is also known to some as “the pole cats” and several cocks of this cross have never been touched after a dozen shows.  This is a pole cat!  This is the result of fine American Gamefowl breeding. As a result several of my clients have proudly dropped every other fowl and started over with the American Gamefowl polecat breed!  Some of my clients later call them butchers because it is what they do in competition and some of my bloodline does come from Phil Marsh.  Its just hard for a man not to notice fowl after it has prevailed over a dozen times without a scratch – the Polecat is a kind of Bruce Lee in gamefowl and with Sweater & Marsh claret strains together its been unbeatable.


Claret – “Old Timers”


Colonel Madigan's Claret was by far the best perfected Claret fowl ever created.  Two great fellow cockers have kept the bird what it should be.



Juan Garza originated this fowl with his father from Mexico and from this cross they created a type of fowl that dominated Texas for over half a century.  Their Roundheads have a Whitehackle in the wood shed obviously - just look at this stag above.  During this time they developed a gamecock which no other fowl could compete with in any derby which was a Roundhead, Claret, and  Kelso called their 3- way.  This Claret & Roundhead cross however looks exactly like old time Colonel Madigan's clarets with pearl legs and black spurs. And they get the trophies to prove it.  Together when crossed with a Garza Roundhead they become exactly what old time Colonel Madigan clarets look like with pearl legs and black spurs.  The battle cross has won more trophies and derbies than any other fowl!  Truly top of the line fowl that have been perfected by a legendary family in gamefowl history Garza & Garza. Garza Sr. passed away a few years ago however his son continues the families great legacy in game fowl excellence. 


Most people get Clarets confused with Kelso fowl – that is because Mr. Kelso used an old Colonel Madigan Claret hen that he crossed with a McClanahan, Whitehackle, and Albany as the foundation for his Kelso fowl.  Making Kelso a new genetic created in American Gamefowl history which was perfect by Johnny Jumper Kelso which is heavily dominated by Colonel Madigan Claret’s genetics.  Thus the American Gamefowl was created.   I feel they are what Colonel Madigan was truly going for and keeps from line breeding the genetics.  This family and their strain has won over 85% of their showings, spars, and derbies throughout the world.  Both the Madigan Claret from Wallace and Garza are a perfect match of pure stains that have been vigorously culled and improved for several generations.  The Clarets come from two breeders and have pearl legs and black spurs the two families both have won over 85% with these birds in major competition. These Clarets will improve any breeding program.


Colonel Sanders
The American Gamefowl
(Albany, Black Sid Taylor, Brown Red, Claret, Eagle, Grey, Hatch, Roundhead & Whitehackle)

These are Colonel Sanders Eagles below:


Colonel Sanders extends this challenge that no better breed of gamefowl exists
if better breeds do exist –  then they are related to this strain of gamefowl the primary four strains of Hatch, Grey, Roundhead & Whitehackle from the old time Colonels and Judges in the old southern states of the United States of America created the foundation for our modern day Gamefowl.  For these men created what today is known as The American Gamefowl.  These breeds continue to Champion in Countries where cockfighting is a national sport because of the selective and masterful breeding programs that originated from these famous old time cockers Judge Lacy, Cecil Davis, Ralph Bridges, Jerry Hughes, Robert Johnson, Shorty Wallace, E.W. Law, Walter Kelso, Jerry Hughes, WestBrook, Johnny Jumper, Colonel Givens, Tony Garza, Charlie Carr, John A. Sears, Jerry Hughes, & Colonel Madigan created the great gamefowl of America today.  These fowl could excel in any weapon unlike every other breed.  Colonel Sanders gamefowl were developed from these proven American gamefowl breeders and the stories that go with them are attached for your reference in understanding the genetic history of the American Gamefowl.

A brief history of some of the recent breeds in The American Gamefowl.


Sweater - by Sweater McGuiness, Dink Fair, & Colonel Sanders

Today, one is not considered “in” if he is not breeding the Sweater fowl. Yellow legged, pea combed, high stationed, sleek body conformation and with their characteristic pumpkin-orange hackle feathers and swarming offensive fighting style – Sweaters were popularized in the Philippines by Carol NeSmith who won the World Slashers International Derby back to back. As with many families, the origin of Sweater is mired by so many versions, some even contradictory. However, it is commonly accepted that this blood, as originated by Sweater McGinnis, is heavy on the Kelso blood. Today, the more well known Sweaters are those which come from Dink Fair or Colonel Sanders.

Written by Eric R. Canonizado   

May 12, 2005 at 09:43 PM


One of the breeds of gamefowl most in demand today are the "Sweaters". There are several versions of how they originated. The following account of their origin is "straight from the horse's mouth". It comes from Johnny Jumper and another respected cocker who knew the parent fowl; when, where and by whom they were bred. The following is their version how the Sweaters originated.

Sweater McGinnis gave Walter Kelso a yellow legged Hatch cock whose bloodlines are thought to trace back to Harold Brown's McLean Hatch. Mr. Kelso bred this cock to his Kelso hens and the offspring from the mating proved to be outstanding pit cocks. Cecil Davis, who was a friend of Mr. Kelso, walked cocks for him and had access to Mr. Kelso's best fowl. Cecil got one of the cocks which Mr. Kelso raised from the Sweater McGinnis Hatch cock and his own hens.

Cecil got this cock from Doc Robinson, who also walked cocks for Mr. Kelso. The cock was yellow legged and pea combed. Cecil bred him to five of his out-and-out Kelso hens. The offspring from this mating were the foundation of the Sweaters. They were called Sweaters because the Hatch cock from Sweater McGinnis was their grandfather. As the above indicates, in breeding, they would be Kelso - yellow legged Hatch. The original Sweaters were bred by Ira Parks, who was Johnny Jumper's brother-in-law, a very fine man and an excellent breeder of gamefowl. Ira, Johnny and Cecil were at the hub of a group of cockers in northern Mississippi and Tennessee who were friends and cocking partners. Several of this group got Sweaters from the original mating. Some of these friends have bred the Sweaters without addition of outside blood and have them in their purity today. Other breeders have added infusions of other blood to their Sweaters.

The line of Sweaters which is bringing the breed such popularity today came from Roy Brady, who got some of the first mating of Sweaters, to Sonny Ware, to Odis Chappell, to Carol Nesmith and the Browns of Mississippi. Odis Chappell let a number of friends in addition to Carol, have his Sweaters, so the blood has been distributed rather widely in central Alabama in recent years. It has been excellent blood for all who got it. This line of Sweaters produces occasional green legged offspring, usually pullets. When asked about his, Roy Brady said that at one time some Hatch was bred into this line. This line is said also to carry small amount of Radio blood.

The Sweaters described in this article are typically orange-red to light red in color, with yellow legs and pea combs. Of interest, however, Dolan Owens of Booneville, Mississippi, acquired some of the early Sweaters and has bred them to come uniformly dark, wine red in color, straight comb and white legged. In looks, these two lines of Sweaters show almost no resemblance. This is an example of how a family of fowl can be bred toward different standards by different breeders and In a few generations the two lines will be like two different breeds. Sonny Ware bred some Radio into the Sweaters making them pumpkin in color. Most people like this color better and breed to that end.

Colonel Sanders obtained his Kelso fowl from Cecil Davis.

Butcher - Phil Marsh

Phil Marsh is credited for creating the Butcher bloodline, which is a blend of Grove Whitehackle and some Spanish fowl, the Speeder Greys. Calling them Butchers because of his occupation, Phil Marsh often fought under the entry name “Butcher Boys”.  Some spangled strains from Texas made it to Cuba back in the 1920's.  Bill Roberts is a noted breeder of these fine fowl today.

Butchers are straight-combed red that often come white-legged with some coming yellow-legged. They are known for their accurate cutting ability and brainy fighting style, leading many experts to say “when a Butcher hits you, you are hit”. Medium to low-stationed, Butchers sometime come spangled and brass back in color, with the latter presently called Black Butchers.




The Blueface Hatch, a special strain of Hatches, came to be known as such because of its pale-faced appearance, which is similar to the appearance of a fowl with Avian Leucosis. Blueface Hatches are so good that their originator, Sweater McGinnis, decided to breed them some more, with some ending up with Harold Brown, Billy Ruble, Red Richardson, Percy Flowers, William Greene and other American cocking greats. Straight-combed, green-legged and medium to low stationed, Bluefaces have carved a reputation for gameness. Used mainly for foundation blood purposes, old time breeders agree that the best battle cross carries only a quarter or less of the Blueface blood. Sandy Hatch, Perry Hatch, Hughes Hatch, Sanders Hatch, Givens Hatch, Rubel Hatch, Brown Hatch, Troiano Hatch, Wallace Hatch - men that have improved the strain.

Brown Red

Brown Red has speed and more speed, with cutting to boot – the advantage of this dark fowl. Coming dark-legged, dark-eyed and with characteristic black feathering, this family is a sight to behold, since Brown Reds show more of the razzle-dazzle shuffling action type of fighting, although their drawback is their seeming lack of gameness and stamina. However, because of other infusions made by breeders, there already are Brown Reds that are game enough, lasting for more than 10 minutes. In the drag fight, these fighters are defensive and very calculating, uncharacteristic of a typical Brown Red. Larry F. Blevins is famous for his breeding stock which Jerry Hughes perfected before giving to Colonel Sanders.


Eerie looking because of the feathers on its face, the Muff is known for its aggressive frontal fighting style. Muffs throw a barrage of blows with no letup or billhold. Although low-stationed, Muffs have an unerring sense of accuracy when it comes to the cutting department. Basically red in color, they come yellow-legged and pea combed. Noted breeders of this family are Billy Rubel, John Sears and Dr. John Kozura.

Dr. John Kozura III
1100 N. Bonnie Brae, Denton, Texas 76201 after 8pm call (940) 383-3973
Brood Trios Only! start at $1,000.00 - He is known for his Muff & Toppy fowl that were started by his father John Kozura II over 80 years ago.  He also has Hatch, Shuffler, and Sweater.



Spangled in Color basically red, white, and black in color. Noted breeders of this family are Morgan and John A. Sears. This was King Henry the 8th of England favorite bred of Gamefowl imported from India and Thailand hundreds of years ago.





The Perfect Grey is a White Texas Tornado!

My Grey Bloodline is from Freddie Wimberly who shortly after world war 2 handled birds for the great Colonel Madigan.  There are no truer Madigan Grey Blood in existence today!  Infused with my Manziel obtained direct and by other cockers such the Perfection Grey that came from J.D. Perry who received them from E.W. Law.  Harrold Brown who originated Red Fox Farm and John O Fowler were partners and developed these gamefowl. The strain goes back to 1937 J.D. Perry called them perfect chickens as Post Oak perfected the fowl even further.  Some come blue legged just like Harold Browns Red Fox Farm Greys or Post Oak Greys.   My other Grey strain comes from E.W. Law and Sweater McGuiness they were perfected by John O Fowler and Jerry Hughes.  Because of the similarities from these two grey families. I decided to combine them for genetic enhancement and stability of the strain as I do not believe in inbreeding or very close line breeding. Then throwing in a J.F. Vance Perfection Grey from Post Oak Game Farm. The Blue in their legs comes from an old Perry Hatch crossed in to infuse to make these birds perfect and the genes are still noticed in their legs a trait kept from the Brown Red which was bred into the Hatch early on which is one of the oldest and established primary breeds of gamefowl. These three excellent and proven foundation bloodlines were improved by Freddie Wimberly who received Colonel Madigans gamefowl who late in age gave them to Harrold Brown and John O Fowler and are the basis of my grey bloodline and genetics.  They are called Colonel Sanders “Fowler Fox Madigan Greys” named after the great men that bred these foundation fowl.  Two gamefarms that had Colonel Madigans stock given by Freddie Wimberly.   They will enhance any cross with game, agility, dedication, and lighting fast speed.  In action they are Texas White Tornados. The grey feathering is a dominate trait - and an excellent bird to cross with the Hatch or Albany.  These crosses are for that problem bird in a line up against you.



By: J.D Perry

Lum Gilmore got a cock from Ted McClean it was a small stationed cock ran around Gilmore place for some time and there
where no hens with him. He was said to be a hard hitter, and when cockers stooped by they sparred him to show how hard he could hit. When sparred or exerted in any way he turned blue in the face, hence the name blue face. Sweater McGinnis was around Gilmore's place at Bay City, TX at the time, he finally brought over one of his Madigan regular grey hens as company for the cock. Some stags and pullets were raised from that mating. Sometime before that two hens where stolen from Hatch on Long Island and given to Sweater. And not long after that Sweater was inducted into the service. He put the two hatch hens with E.W. Law to keep for him until he returned, when he got out, he immediately got in touch with Law to get the hens. Law told him one had died ,but he sent Sweater the other one. One of the 1/2 grey 1/2 blue face cock was bread to the stolen Hatch hen and the progeny of that mating where known as the blue face fowl.

(The blue face is a genetic trait from the Brown Red and Black Sid Taylor)


The following is told by Harry Parr whom Ted McLean gave all of his fowl.

In the spring of 1949, Ted Mclean had two beautifully bred "straight" (being McLean Hatch) stags, one of which he wanted to breed. They were full brothers, well made, green legged, weighted about 4:10, and you could not have told them apart except one was a roundhead. His wing clip was 40-90; the square comb, 48-96. Ted decided to heel them up and fight them which they did in his pit in the barn. The square comb proved to be the better fighter and cutter, and when he blinded the roundhead, Ted said he had seen enough to cut the head off the roundhead. Well Harry had handled the roundhead and when he was on his hands he could tell all the roundhead wanted to do was get at the other stag. After being pitted, he would search and as soon as contact was made, explode. so Harry said he would take him home and see what he could do. After a couple of weeks he regained the sight of one eye and was soon back in good health. He bred this stag two years and one day Ted asked Harry if he would mind sending him to Lun Gilmore. Lun wanted a cock and at the time, Ted did not have a really good one to spare. Harry shipped the cock and later learned that Lun and Pete Frost bred him to a hen that Ted had previously given to Pete. The hen was 47-65, by Green Leg cock number 2, the "straight" stuff out of hen number 81 which was a Morgan Whitehackle from Heinie Mathesius (none of the "straight" stuff on the hen side ever got out) Prior to this Ted had given Pete Frost, Green Leg cock number 53 which became the sire of the "Frost Cherries" They had also bred this cock to hen 47-65 and sent Harry and Ted a stag from that mating, which was called , after Lun, the "Alligator Cock" Sweater McGinnis was involved in their fighting activities at this time, and it was from these three birds that the Blueface emerged. (Hen 47-65, Cock 53, Cock 48-90) The next time Harry saw Sweater
was January 1958 in Orlando. He told Harry, these "Blue Face" were the gamest chickens he had ever seen and that he kept the seed stock pure just make battle crosses. He asked Harry if he would let him have another cock and Harry sent him cock 57-340 (Harry was fortunate to get this cock back after Sweaters death thanks to Willis Holking) He also told Harry not to worry, that he didn't let the "straight" one go but they all fought under the name of "Blue Face" At the time, his favorite were one quarter Blue face, one quarter Regular Grey and one half Leiper, bred in various combinations. Like all of them, Willis experimented with many crosses and blend in an effort to produce superior battle cocks but recognized the value of keeping the seed stock pure.


Here's an article by Art Hefner written on the April issue of the Gamecock 1985.

"I have read several articles about the BLUEFACE containing CHET blood.

About 1956 or 1957 I was visiting at Pineville Farms with Big Red Sweater McGinnis and naturally, we were only talking chickens. On this particular day Big Red Sweater was in a wonderful mood. On asking why he was so jolly, he told me he got one of his pure Blueface cocks off a walk, of which they had walks by the hundreds. this particular Blueface weighed slightly over 4-08 pound. Sweater was elated. This was the biggest, pure Blueface he had raised in years. So you see, they were intensely inbreed. I asked him if the cocks weren't any larger, how small were the pure hens? He got a bucket of feed an called the chickens up. He showed me two hens and told me they were the purest and only two of the pure. And if they had showed up on my yard unknowingly, I would have killed them, never expecting to see anything like them as Blueface. They may have weighed 2 or 2 1/2 pounds. And behold! they were black with brown spots on their breast. Like a Seabright Bantam, with legs a couple of inches long. He never told me what kind of black blood was in them, but by their color, they were heavy in some kind. Ever what kind, they were the hardest hitting cocks I've ever seen.

Nearly ever successful cockfighter and breeder today has some of this blood. But most have only a small amount. As to the pure, there was precious few let out, (Including me). When breeders have "pure" Blueface cocks that go 6 pounds, or even 5 pounds, they can do more with them than the old master breeder, himself, could do. Later I'll tell more about this.

This article was not written to create any controversy. Just telling you the facts as it was told to me by one of the GREATEST BREEDERS and cockfighters of our times. I was proud and honored to know this man personally. SO BE IT.



by Lou Elliott(1977)

For you folks who never knew Sweater, a brief background sketch might be of interest. He was born southwest of Oklahoma City near Chickasha about 1905. For much of his early life, he stayed with his uncle, Dave Lane, a druggist in Oklahoma City. Dave Lane was one of the best of the old time chicken fighters. In the early 1920's while Sweater was still a teenager, he handled a main of cocks from Frank Perry and Sap Barrett against the legendary Henry Wortham - and won with his last four cocks to win the main. This was at the old Shell Creek Pit near Sand Springs, Oklahoma.

Sweater was a professional cocker in every sense of the word. Except for a short hitch in the military service in World War II, he spent his lifetime working with game fowl. He was in great demand as a feeder and handler, and he spent considerable time with
John Madigan, Walter Kelso, Jack Walton, etc. With his conditioning method, he could build stronger thighs on a cock than any feeder I ever knew - they would be as hard and big around as the average man's wrist. They were so strong that his cocks frequently broke their own legs. As a handler, Sweater never missed a trick, legal or otherwise. It is fitting that he died in the pit with a gamecock in his arm - at the Boxwood Pit in Virginia on 19 December 1959.

Sweater had hundreds of chickens raised for him each year but until he moved to North Carolina in 1954 to work for Percy
Flowers at Pineville Farms, none of them were specifically called the Blueface family. That is, no particular combination of
bloodlines could be pointed out as Blueface to the exclusion of all others. They were all simply referred to as McGinnis Reds or Grays, depending on the color. Sweater never advertised his fowl, didn't like to sell them and almost never did, but he gave most of them away. His usual breeding method was to place a cock and six hens on a farm walk where they could reproduce freely. In the fall, Sweater would pick up what stags he wanted and tell the farmer to eat the rest of them. Thus a great deal of Sweater's stock was available to anyone who knew where he walked his fowl. Many so-called Blueface families today are based on fowl obtained from these farm walks and contain not a touch of the McLean hatch usually associated with the name Blueface.

The bloodlines that Sweater used in various combinations and which appear in some of the modern Blueface lines include the Madigan Texas Rangers, which I believe are primarily the old Joe Wingate Brown Reds. When Sweater was in charge of
Madigan's brood yards in Houston in the late 1930's, a great many of the cocks and hens were carrying a fourth or more of this Texas Ranger breeding. When Madigan died in 1942, Kelso and Japhet inherited his fowl which were all shipped to Kelso's place in Galveston. Sweater set up the various brood yards and Kelso and Japhet alternated in choosing which ones they wanted. But Kelso didn't like the Clarets not to mention the Rangers - so Sweater took what he wanted of those.

Sometime later, Sweater decided he needed more speed in his fowl and someone sold him a family of Three Spurs from
Washington State. These cocks had a normal spur plus a rudimentary spur above and below it. I know of at least one modern family of Blueface that show this trait and some of the cocks cannot be heeled properly until these small spurs are clipped off. I understand the black Sumatra Jungle Fowl and their descendants have this odd spur formation.

Sweater fought a lot of the Sam Bigham fowl - a Marsh Butcher/Claret cross. This is one of the sources for the rare white leg that shows up in some Blueface. He also had some Kearney stock he got from up North. A particular favorite of Sweater's was his Jim Thompson Mahoganies, as bred by Bob Lang of Long Island, New York. Sweater called these Thompsons his secret weapon and left them in Oklahoma when he went of North Carolina. He didn't know how the deal with Percy Flowers would work out, and he was hedging his bets by leaving the Thompsons and several other yards of his "seed stock" with friends he trusted. He left some of his McLean speed stock with an old Okie friend in Arizona and most of the Thompsons with Billy "The Barber" Atchley of Oklahoma City, who in turn supplied Sweater with some really good Butcher fowl. After Sweater died, the brood yards he left at Pineville deteriorated and much of the reason could be a lack of access to these Oklahoma seed stock fowl.

In addition to these red fowl, Sweater raised a lot of grays - primarily Madigan Regular Grays but also some from Frost and Kelso. These were frequently combined with various red fowl, and the resulting offspring were either McGinnis Reds or McGinnis Grays even though they were full brothers but different colors. I have a picture I made of a full plumaged gray cock in 1949 while visiting
Sweater and Lun Gilmore at Jack Walton's place in Dallas. Sweater told me that all his battle cocks that year were carrying some of this cock's bloodlines. Incidentally, note that this is Lun, not Lum Gilmore, which is the way it is normally spelled. Much of the material this article is based on came out of that meeting. I believe that Gilmore was Jack Walton's brother-in-law and I will discuss his role in the Blueface story later on.

Until now, I haven't discussed the "real" Blueface. The fowl I have mentioned in the previous paragraphs do appear in many of the modern Blueface lines, but Sweater wouldn't have considered them the real thing. To properly describe the evolution of the Blueface, I first have to establish the historical perspective. To do this, I have to mention two other professional cockers: J.D. Perry of Oklahoma City and the inimitable Max Thaggard who is still pitting them around Guthrie, Oklahoma.

In the early 1940's, the team of J.D. Perry and Karl Bashara was the "class" entry at all the Oklahoma Pit's. Karl's Shufflers and J.D.'s ability as a feeder and handler made a combination that was hard to beat. When C.C. Cooke of Oklahoma City bought "all" of the Sandy Hatch fowl for $2,500 and then joined forces with E.W. Law in Florida, they hired J.D. to run their show. J.D. crossed Cooke's Hatch with Law's Clarets to make the now famous Hatch-Clarets that revolutionized long heel cocking. "Power/Speed Blends" became a household word - at least in the cockhouse.

About the same time, Max Thaggard bred an old one-eyed Frost Gray cock (that Bobby Manziel had given him) over some brown red hens. The resulting offspring became the "Vibrators," the greatest infighters (cutting to the breast) that I or most likely any man ever saw. For a too brief period, they were unstoppable. After losing all too many fights to the Hatch-Clarets and those speckle-bellied Vibrators, Sweater started out to go them one better. He came up with the bright idea of combining the Hatch-Claret type fowl with the Gray-Brown Reds and beat everybody. Sweater's friend Lun Gilmore had a sickly looking, pale headed old buff hen that normally world have been killed, but she was supposed to be one of the very few good Hatch chickens to ever leave Ted McLean's place. Presumably she was carrying some Morgan Whitehackle breeding, as many of the McLean fowl did, because on rare occasions she would produce some spangled looking offspring. However the Jim Thompson fowl on which the original Hatch were based also produce about 10 percent spangles and sometimes even a pure white. In fact I have seen White Hatch fowl that their breeder was reluctant to claim as Hatch for fear others would accuse him of poor record keeping. Lun may have got this hen from Pete Frost but they both shared her so to speak. Frost got McLean to send them a Hatch cock to mate
to this old hen. McLean owed Frost a favor but he wasn't too happy to see his bloodlines scattered around. So he sent them a cock all right - a little 4:02 blinker pea comb bird he intended to kill anyway.

When this little runty little cock was sparred, he really put on a show. He could hit as hard as a shake. These south Texas boys were used to seeing the shotgun type cocks, and one that that could hit so hard was something new. They bred him to the old pale headed hen just to see what the pair would produce. That first year they raised about 20 chicks and fought the stags with mediocre success. One of the few that won was rattled and would turn dark in the face when he was sparred. Sweater took this "Old Blueface" cock to breed to some hens he liked that were a mixture of Madigan Gray and Leiper Hatch. Thus was started the first attempt to breed a family of Blueface, although they were not really called by that name.

It was that first old pale headed hen that really started things. It so happened that most of her chicks also showed that sickly pale face. Somebody told Sweater that the old hen was a disease carrier (Leukosis) and that he ought to kill her and all her offspring. Sweater didn't like those "damned blue faced chickens" but he wasn't ready to give up on them. They all had well rounded bodies and felt good in his hands, they just looked pale - even the cocks in good condition.

Sweater took some of the "damned blue faced chickens" to the poultry experts at Texas A&M College to see what was wrong. After some tests, they told him the chickens were perfectly healthy. The pale head was caused by an inherited genetic abnormality. To get rid of it, Sweater would have to raise a lot of young stock and keep the red faced ones for his future brood stock. That year, Sweater and his friends hatched over 500 chickens from the old hen and her daughters. They only produced two red faced pullets - no stags.

When J.D. Perry left Cooke's employ in 1948 to go to work for G.A.C. Halff at Queen Saber Ranch near San Antonio, he took the best of the Hatch fowl with him. These Hatch were primarily the Jim Thompson/J.W.E. Clarke/Kearney bloodlines with an added touch of this and that. The McLean fowl were the same basic bloodlines but showed less of the yellow leg breeding. The pea combs came from the old Boston Roundhead that was in the Duryea fowl which appears in the pedigrees of both Clarke and Kearney families. The Kearney stock at that time was a combination of his Irish Brown Reds and Whitehackles, plus the Duryea and Joe Wingate stock. So this was the source of the green legs. At any rate, Sweater and J.D. traded some Hatch fowl, and in 1958, J.D. was advertising Blueface for sale.

The pure McLean's were comparatively slow, single stroke, ground fighters. They had the suicidal tendency of sticking their necks out while reaching for a billhold. A cock like that just doesn't win many fights in first class long heel competition. So Sweater tried various crosses with those "damned blue face chickens." Most of the crosses produced just average fighting cocks. A few showed promise but wouldn't pass their good qualities onto the next generation. The one cross he tried though that seemed to add just the edge he was looking for was with Karl Bashara's Shufflers. He also got some Brown Reds from "old Man" Starnes of Konowa, Oklahoma. I had always heard this was and old Irish family of Brown Reds but my buddy for 40 years - Old Lunch Money, himself - recently published an article quoting Mr. Starnes as saying his fowl were just the Bashara Shufflers with a touch of Madigan Gray. Sweater also got the D.H. Pierce Wisconsin Red Shufflers from various other breeders. By trying out many different combinations, he developed just the right combination of Hatch/Shuffler and his other bloodlines that he could win with.

And win he did. He set a fantastic record in the five short years he was working for Percy Flowers in North Carolina. In 1957, he entered the Lally Memorial Stag Derby in Pennsylvania. This was the premier short heel (1-1/4" gaffs) event of each year. This was the first time Sweater ever conditioned cocks for a short heel event and the first time he ever conditioned a full show of stags for a major event. (None of the major pits in the south ever scheduled stag derbies or tournaments. So Sweater had always fought two year old cocks.) He won nine, lost one to take first money. The one loss was to a Jim Thompson stag owned by Bob Lang, who was responsible for one of Sweater's seed stock lines.

The short heel men said the 1957 win was a fluke and that Sweater wouldn't have a chance next time. So he entered the Lally in 1958 and won it by the same identical score, nine wins and one loss. Now the boys were convinced that this Okie was pretty foxy so they decided to keep their and not enter the event in 1959. The pit management finally got an entry list together though, and sure enough Sweater didn't win this time - he only took second with eight wins and two losses.

As a final tribute to a real "chicken man" I can think of nothing more appropriate than the words "Spectator" used in describing Sweater's stags at the 1957 Lally Memorial Derby. Remember that these stags were the direct descendants of those "damned blue faced chickens" produced by a sickly face, pale headed old hen and a runty little 4:02 cock that had been destined for the chopping block.

"The best the north and the east could produce was lined up against them, and they made a runaway of the show. They were fast, terrific bucklers, hard hitters, god cutters, aggressive finishers. Their legs reached out a mile with every stroke, they delivered their blows with a snap, and usually every punch landed where it counted. The only fight they lost was a quick one shot affair to the brain in the first few seconds, which sort of thing can and will happen to everybody who is meeting top grade fowl." (written by Spectator,



by Gus Firthiof, Sr. (1977)

I read with interest "The Blue Face Story" by Lou Elliott. Someone has misinformed him about some of the data contained in the article. Here is an example:

Madigin's Texas Rangers did not contain any of the Joe Wingate brown Red blood. The Rangers do not come Brown Red, but dark black-reds with an iridescent green sheen and luster to the feathers on their backs when the sun shines on them. The hens are some crow black, some crow black with dark reddish hackles. All dark legs, all 100% straight combs.

Sweater McGinnis never was in charge of any brood yards of Col. Madigin's at Houston, Texas because Madigan did not breed any of his fowl there. His fowl were raised in Canada, at Niagara Farm, where he had caretakers to look after them the year round.

After over 35 years of research I have come to the conclusion that the Duryea Whitehackles did not contain any Boston
Roundhead blood. Many of the Duryea cocks are golden yellow birchen in color, with yellow legs.



ED GARRARD HATCH, The Feathered Warrior, July 1999

by Carl Saia aka "The Breeder"

This family is known by many other names, such as Biloxi Hatch, Spangle Hatch, Speck Hatch, Little Ed's, and originally they were called McLean's, by some, including me.

This family, according to Ed, traced back to a spangle McLean Hatch, that was bred and fought by Harold Brown at the old Biloxi Pit. Harold fought this cock, a three time winner, the cock was beaten and looked to be dead. So Harold threw him on the dead pile. Later on Ed walked by, saw the cock was still living, picked him up, took him to the cock house, gave him penicillin tablet. Next morning, the cock could not stand, but he would show against another cock. That evening the cock was standing and trying to crow, so Ed took him home.

At this time, most of the Garrard fowl were based on Harold's Red Fox Fowl. I do know Ed bred this cock to a Morgan
Whitehackle hen that he got from Frank Hooks. I had a half Kelso, half Judge Lacy hen that Walter Kelso sent to my partner David Harding for the use of one of our Judge Lacy brood cock on three separate occasions (cock always was returned). Ed saw this old hen, and decided he wanted to breed the spangle Biloxi cock to this hen. The progeny produced some excellent pit fowl, and was almost set as a family. Later on Ed called me to come over and see a 22 time pit winner he had borrowed from that "great Hawaiian cocker Mr. Lee". This cock Ed called an Asil, I believe he was an Asil cross, according to his feathers. Ed asked me to pick out some hens to mate to this cock as he had to return him to Mr. Lee. I selected several hens, (I believe 4) that were out of the Biloxi cock, and put them in that Asil's pen. After about a week or so, Ed started saving eggs when he was certain all the hens were fertile to the Asil cross cock. Ed had me set the eggs of this cross and I hatched off some 30 odd chicks. Ed told me to keep a few and give him the rest, that gave me some of the fowl, I was now calling them Biloxi, along with Ed.

In 1970 Col. Victor Lee Chun visited Ed's home, it was there I met Mr. Lee's grandson, one very fine gentleman. Several years ago, Col. Chun visited my home, and told me that the Asil cock only received one cut in all of his fights and that he had the honor of sewing up that great cock after he had won his 22nd fight, and then was retired.

The color of the Garrard fowl can be varied from one breeder to another. Some can be straight comb, others look like dark leg Roundheads. The cocks will stand out in any group, as they are tall, long legged fowl. Colors of this family can range for cock, from black breasted reds, some of these have white specks in the breast, and on other parts of the body. Most of the leg color is green or dark legged, lots of them look like long legged Lacy Roundheads. The hens have many color variations from dark spangle to a wheaten color, with green or dark legs and a Roundhead type of body.

(Gerrard bred and enhanced the Whitehackle influence in the Hatch)



By BluffCreek:

Lun Gilmore was a cocker and a good friends of Ben Ford, they fought birds with and against each other for over 60 years..lun Gilmore acquired his birds direct from Sanford Hatch and Mike Kearny ...when mike crossed the Kearny brown reds on the hatch birds they were awesome as any ever bred till this day...Sanford wanted to breed em back to the yellow legged side but mike insisted on breeding them one more time to the brown red side and produced them to fight. fight they did and won some derbies against everyone at that time, he wanted to breed a cock of his fathers breeding which was the Kearny Whitehackle to the Sanford , bleedings- from this breeding he had 17 black birds with white specs in them and over 40 brownred looking birds, he then crossed these back on the brown reds-having the Kearny white hackle in them and hatch blood they came all dark fowl with green legs-mike give Lun Gilmore 6 hens and one dark red cock to breed over them=this was the origination of the Gilmore hatch fowl -and the ben ford fowl-these birds was given and sold to Gilmore from Mr. Hatch and Mike did Kearny mike s fathers blood -Mike Kearny Sr climbed a tree at night to get these two Whitehackle hens in Long Island - those fowl were believed to be from King Henry the 8th himself and later ruled the pits of North Briton and Ireland - they are one of the oldest and gamest fowl on the planet.  The exact strain of Whitehackle can be purchased from John A. Sears Fowl. - in them and still till this day they will come spangle or dark ...! the next breeding that was the brown red and Kearny out and out became the 42 hatch that JD Perry dominated with-same fowl from same people except did not have the Kearny white hackle in them...but mostly yellow leg ,and the black legs made em all come out green legged.......believe it or not.....I knew Colonel givens for over 40 years and he got his from Lun Gilmore in the early 40s and also got some of mike Kearny Jrs. white hackles that was dark red and spangled.....and fought the Kearny white hackle crosses at
sunset and all over north Alabama.....colonel Givens and jimmy east were the handlers for john ovilan fowler from Huntsville Alabama when John Fowler died jimmy kept has hatch birds and Colonel Givens and Colonel Sanders kept the white the Gilmore's are 1/4 Kearny white hackle-1/4 hatch- 1/2 brown red bred back to the 1/2 hatch 1/2 brown red and kept that way until he passed on- - - - still til this day all Gilmore's will throw a spangle every other year or so....depends on how there bred and where ya got them- - - so there is your facts- believe it or not- - - but if ya didn't get em from Gilmore there yours MR. KELSO*
MADIGAN*LAW*KEARNY*MORGAN* O 'CONNOR....there your birds- here's ya sign.......!

before I forget...the mike Kearny brown reds and the Sanford Druyeah crossed were very good fowl and after they bred em back making the 42s the breeding back to the p combed hatch side was the ones they gave Ted McClain, and Thodore Mc Lean two separate men...and the ones that were 3/4 hatch-duryeas and 1/4 Kearny were the left nose hatch of the late Sweater Mc Guiness....Marvin Anderson was in WW! with Sanford hatch and become friends in 1910 were they fought in north Alabama in long heel mains which was all new to the short heelers....Marvin s father had the Patrick Kelly from Ireland and Sanford hatch fell in love with the long heel roosters....Sanford gave birds to Marvin until his death, and Marvin gave the patties to Sanford upon any request of these men....and they whipped all round head fowl those days. which was dominating the early years....judge lacy was making a statement at this time and was winning more than average in Alabama and at the Augusta Tournaments.....the Kelly's  and Patts were brought from Ireland by Marvin's grandfather well before the civil one knew there originality.... strait combed, lemon hackled, big thighs and wide backs and spangles came dark red with lemon around the bottom of the shaw.......the photographs
are all black n white.....Marvin lost them over the years do to hawks and eagles in the mountain areas of north east Alabama....he owned the Ranburne pit which was shut down in 73 due to his health...........

Lun Gilmore was the inspiration of establishing the hatch name in the south, Ted Mclain routed the hatch name when he was dominating with the hatch fowl, sweater came famous in the mid section of the country, J.D. Perry and Blondy Clyde Roland, Harold Brown of red fox farms, Ben Ford, Frank Steel ,and Curtis Blackwell made the Hatch name in the south east......the fowl that Gilmore acquired were the one that won the Orlando tournament from Mr. hatch and would have paid any price for those fowl...and was a very sharp eyed man that could recognize an ace cock....that made him a true breeder and respected in the gamecock fraternity...Sanford hatch told Marvin Anderson that Lun had the best fowl of the dark breeding anywhere and he would do well with that time Lun whipped Leiper in a fight that lasted 6 hrs and 10 min.....both men strived on deep game did all long heel men of the south at the turn of the century until there deaths......



by George Beattie

I doubt very much if anyone could give you an authentic history on this great breed, named Hatch. I knew Sandy Hatch pretty well, having met him innumerable times at Flaherty's Pit, both in the old days at Laurel Hill, back of Calvary cemetery by the chemical works, and at Flaherty's later location at the Queensboro at Long Island City. I also fought against him in mains and was in his and Flaherty's company in many safaris to Tom Foley's pit in Troy, NY, but I never inquired as to the make-up of his fowl and doubt if I could have received the information if I had.

A story was rampant that Hatch gave John Leiper his farm at Huntington for his start in the fowl. Leiper handled in all the mains I fought against Hatch. He was supposed to have obtained his fowl from a race track official, Mars Cassidy. The fowl all came dark red in those early days and had a hard smash. Some claimed that they were low headed sulkers, for you could knock one down and in those days of N.Y. rules, where the handlers did the counting and a mistake could cost you the battle on the final count. They could uncork a smash that could so stun, cripple or kill your cock that he could easily be counted out.

I do know that when Heinie took over, a couple of years after he had obtained a yard of my Morgans from Mr. Claude Hill, that a cross between them and the Hatch blood, produced what Hendrickson, Leiper, and Bon Lang as well as John Gildersleeve, termed the best fighting cocks ever shown on the Island and the addition of the Thompson Mahogany blood which also contained a shot of Morgan, as Jim fought many mains in partnership with the Col., did much to bring them to the top, eliminating to a great extent the objectionable low headedness.

It was after the introduction of the Whitehackle blood that Tom Murphy became interested and the Long Island stable was formed. From World War I until 1942 I promoted tournaments in New Jersey, starting at the Old Deaf and Dum Club at Bill Raes at Morgan station when Frank Deizer of Mason Pyle fame was President and George Beattie, V.P. until gas rationing stopped us in 1942. Hatch, Leiper, George Pogmore, Al Jones, Harold Clesham, John Gildersleeve, Hendrickson and Rekar, Ted Ireland, Chas Storey, Herb Ploch, Issy Sholk, Frank Donato, Pat and Mat Ryan, Illston, Deinzer, Bill Anderson, Beloff, Knight, Burnett, Nee Shanahan, Haussman, Kromelbine, among others, fought ay my Eastern Breeders Pit where Henry Mondin one of the fairest referees called the shots.

Many of the entrants of the big pits still in operation got their start in the "Club" that operated every Friday night, and the
every 2nd. Saturday night held there from Jan. 1 to July 4. In all those years only one raid and that at a different location, marred the record and that was directed at a "crap game" on a supposedly off night.

I'm proud of the record I made in refining the game and furnishing honest refereeing for the sport. For many years Issy Sholk was my partner in the promoting and later guided the destinies of the Anthracite Club of PA. At 80, I'm still in good health, and my Morgan's are still winning their share in the hands of customers I placed them with.



by Frank Holcomb

It is thought the original Hatch was bred by Judge Leiper, not Sandy Hatch, as most people believe. They were supposed to be a Kearney Whitehackle and a Kearney Brown Red cross. Leiper also bred a cock from Duryea. In 1900 Hatch got some dark red, green legged fowl from Cassidy (some say Lynch). He bred a black red cock from Jerry Genet, of New York. This Genet Pyle cock was bred over the Cassidy (Lynch) hens, and this was the starting of the Hatch fowl.

In 1933, Hennie Mathesius went out work for Hatch and carried his fowl with him. These fowl were Morgan Whitehackles, some Lowman blood, and some Gull/Morgan crosses. Some of these were crossed on the Hatch fowl.

Hatch gave all of his fowl to Mathesius, who later sold them to C.C. Cooke, who soon after that became a partner of E.W. Law.

We must give Cooke the credit for the Hatch fowl that we have today. J.D.. Perry made the first niche with Cooke's Hatch, but that is what Cooke paid him for.

It would be too long and complicated to write a complete history of all the different blood lines and different Hatches and their blood lines, but as to ours, the Holcomb Hatch, we will try to make it very brief, and not any more confusing than possible.

We started out with a Ruble Hatch cock, over a Sweater McGinnis (Blue Face) hen. At the same time, we bred a Democrat cock over J.D. Perry hen. The we bred the off-spring of these two together, making their off-spring 1/4 Ruble, 1/4 Democrat, 1/4 Blue Face and 1/4 Perry. At the same time of the above breeding, we bred in another pen, a Chocolate Gray cock over a jet black Asil hen, (directly from Pakastan, and one of the very best strains of Asil), thus giving 1/2 Chocolate Grey and 1/2 Asil. This we crossed over the four kinds of Hatch, giving 1/2 Hatch, 1/4 Chocolate Grey and 1/4 Asil for the first year. Then we bred back to the Hatch side, father over daughter and son over mother, thus giving 3/4 Hatch, 1/8 Chocolate Grey and 1/8 Asil. We keep three pens of this combination, and this we proudly call our Holcomb Hatch.



The cocking world will be shocked and saddened by the sudden death of J.D. Perry of Muskogee, Oklahoma, on Friday morning, January 11. On his way to work at a clothing factory in Muskogee, owned by his sister, during a cold spell, he slipped on the ice, fell, and hit his head on a steel beam lying beside the walk. He got up, went in the factory, and was telling some of his fellow workers about his fall when he began to shake. He was taken to the hospital but was dead on arrival due to concussion of the brain.

"J.D.," as he was generally known in the cocking world, had for about 15 or 20 years of his life a colorful career as a cocker. We have none of the details concerning his death or funeral, and what we write is from what we knew of him for the past 20 years. We believe he was born in Oklahoma and started his cocking career in that state. Somewhere along in the 1940's, he went to work for C.C. Cooke of Oklahoma City. Shortly after that, Cooke bought the Lawridge Plantation at Miccosukee, Florida from E.W. Law, one of the best known cockers in the world.

According to the story told to this writer by Cooke, here is what happened. Law had been after Cooke when he came to Florida for the tournaments to buy his plantation for three of four years. Finally Cooke made him an offer of a certain amount ($50,000 as I recall), saying he would give that for the place and everything in and on it, just as it stood. Law accepted his offer and the deal was closed. Shortly after the deal was closed, the place transferred to Cooke, Law said, "Now, just as soon as I can find a place, I will come and get the chickens." "What chickens?" asked Cooke. "Why, my chickens," said Law. "You have no chickens. I bought your place with everything in and on it, and the chickens are mine," said Cooke. From that point on, Law and Cooke were at swords points and did nothing but quarrel. Cooke had Perry come down to look after things for him, including the chickens.

Eventually, they settled things up and Law moved away taking with him, as I recall him telling me, 29 chickens. Cooke got all the rest, hundreds of them. How it was settled as to how many chickens Law was to keep, I don't recall (although I was told at the time), but this is the way they were divided. Perry had access to all of Law's breeding records, and by the time the split came he knew as much about the Law chickens as Law did. Cooke purchased from Heinie Mathesius, for $2,000 approximately, 125 Hatch cocks and stags, and 125 hens and pullets. These were shipped to the plantation in Florida. So, when it came time to divide up the chickens I suppose these were in the deal, too, but weather Law took any of the Hatch fowl I don't know. At any rate, J.D. represented Cooke, and he and Law would come to a yard of chickens (let's say there was a cock and four hens). First one took his choice of individuals in the pen and then the other. For instance, Law might say, "I will take the cock," and J.D. would say, "I'll take this hen." They alternated first choice from yard to yard until Law had his 29 chickens and Cooke got the rest. Then all the chickens were shipped back to Oklahoma to Cooke's yard.

At the time this split occurred, I think it safe to say that E.W. Law had in his possession more good families of game fowl than any man on earth had at the time, or ever had. There were Clippers made by Law from a Pine Albany and Claret cross, there were straight Albany's, there were Pine Albany's, Clarets, Regular Greys, Perfection Greys, and literally dozens of other families and crosses accumulated by Law up to that time. 98% of all these families, of course, were shipped back to Oklahoma by Perry for Cooke. And, of course, Perry came home to take charge of the Cooke layout.

The late Bobby Joe Manziel of Tyler Texas teamed up with Cooke and from 1944 to 1983 he was unmatched in every competition.  The funny thing was that he would give his gamefowl away to people (like Colonel Sanders) who like gamefowl in Texas and also sell his championship gamefowl bloodline through The Gamecock Magazine for hundreds of dollars when they were actually worth thousands.  With Perry breeding the fowl and feeding them for fighting, they formed what might be termed one of the most formidable cocking combines of all time, certainly of this generation.  (Manziel, Perry, Cooke) For the next several years, they were practically unbeatable using practically all Cooke fowl for their fighting. In 1946 or 1947, they won a main against Sam Head and Co. at Ruleville, Miss., for ten thousand a side in a clear cut and decisive manner using what were said to have been the first cross of Claret and Hatch. I thought at that time, and still believe, the main showed by Perry were the best long heel cocks I have ever seen.

At that time, Orlando held their annual meet, St. Augustine, Pass Christian, Waco, and other large pits were in operation and it was practically a fifty-fifty bet that Perry would "be in the money" or he would win outright. Their winning record for several years was phenomenal, and probably never will be equaled by any cocker or combination of cockers for that class of fighting, derbies and tournaments. But, as all things must, it ended eventually when Perry left to go to work for the late Mr. Halff of Leesburg, Texas. Perry was replaced by Cooke with a half-dozen different chicken men at various times, but they got nowhere. After a few years of this, Cooke closed up shop and sold his place and chickens.

From then on, Perry and his chicken operations presented a mystery no one has ever figured out with any degree of accuracy. Cooke and Perry were on friendly terms even after Perry left to go to work for Halff. While no one ever told me this, I am positive Perry could have had, free of charge, from Cooke, either during the time he worked for him or after he left, any chickens Cooke owned. And, it's a certainty Perry did have some of the same bloodlines later on. Cooke was always generous with his chickens, and he liked J.D. So, I am sure he would have given him, and no doubt did, anything he asked for. Even if that were not so, Perry had for several years supervised the shipping of hundreds of fowl sold by Cooke all over the U.S.A., and I don't know a man who got any Cooke fowl who wouldn't have been glad to give Perry any that he might have asked for. But, almost from the day he left Cooke, Perry never did any good in the chicken game. Halff was worth millions and spent it like water. He had a fabulous layout and the best chickens money and friendship could obtain. I don't recall how long Perry was with Halff before Halff died, but it must
have been a couple of years. Their success was just mediocre, no better than the average chicken man who fight in the big shows. After Halff died, Perry went with Flato, another millionaire from Corpus Christi, Texas. Flato had previously built a ten acre chicken layout at Robstown, Texas that cost him $64,000. Perry lived on the place and was in complete charge of everything; the breeding, rearing, feeding, selection, etc. Money was no object. He could have anything he wanted. I feel reasonably sure had Perry told Flato of some fowl he was sure he could have done some winning with but the cost would be $50,000, Flato would have told him
o go ahead and buy them. Flato wasn't in the game for money, all he wanted was to do some winning. Again, they did very little, no better than average. After about three years of this, Flato quit the game. With the passing of Bobby Manziel, Mr. Halff, Dick Kleberg, and Flato quitting the game, the men who could hire a chicken man of Perry's type were few and far between.

Flato owned some sort of stove factory in Mississippi, and he told Perry to go over and see if there was any job in the factory he would like to have. If there was, it was his. There was nothing there he wanted, so for the next year or so Perry did nothing of importance.

Eventually, he went to work for his sister at Muskogee. As I understood it, Perry, a Mr. Daniels, and a Dr. Schumun had a small chicken plant outside of Muskogee, and they did some fighting but not too much. Last year, Perry fed the Anderson entry for Oaklawn and tied for second money with an 8-4 score, just one fight behind the winner.

It can truthfully be said the J.D. Perry was a credit to the game, clean-cut, honest and respected by all who knew him. No one questioned the fact he was a first-class feeder, breeder, and all-around game chicken man. He leaves, I believe, a wife and two children. May he rest in peace.

(The foundation of the Colonel Sanders hatch strain)



By Harry Parr, November 1977

Interest in the breeding of game fowl strains has always run high even though the knowledge thereof seldom has any practical application. I have been asked many times to set forth the breeding of the Mclean Hatch and their offshoot, the Blue Face family. This I have done briefly in letters and countless times orally. It is amazing how twisted these accounts become. So, since this subject appears still to hold the interest of many, I have decided to write down the facts for one and all. Although Ted Mclean has
been out of the “chicken business” since December of 1954 at which time he gave me all his fowl, he is still very much with us. I mention this only because I have seen too many “histories” come out when it is too late for the facts to be verified by the principles involved. Further, the following is being written with my notes and breeding records before me and this paper will be limited to first hand information. Finally, lest anyone think there is an ulterior motive involved, my chickens are my hobby. I keep only enough for my purposes and have never, nor do I ever contemplate selling them.

In the early thirties, Mr. E.S. Hatch and Mr. E.T. Mclean were on the floor of the stock exchange. That Mr. Hatch gave Ted Mclean fowl is the testimony enough of their friendship, as it is well known that Mr. Hatch did not let many go. At the time, Mr. Hatch’s fowl consisted of four basic bloodlines. These were the Kearney fowl made up of the two strains Mike Kearny brought from Ireland,
namely (1) the “beasy” Breasted Light Reds (Whitehackles) and (2) the Brown Breasted Reds, plus (3) the Herman Duryea fowl
(commonly called Boston Roundheads) which he added when he worked for Mr. Duryea. With these bloodlines Mr. Hatch
incorporated (4) the green leg Thomson (Jim Thomson) fowl. I might say here that from then till now, the strain made up of these
four bloodlines is what Ted and I call the “straight stuff”.

In those days virtually all the fighting in the North East was done in inch and a quarter, heavy, slow heels, which is not surprising considering the cockers prime requisite, was gameness. It followed the toughness and power was high priorities and the Hatch fowl had all these in abundance. While they surely did not compile a great winning record, they were admired by name for these attributes. Fortunately, Ted Mclean kept this set of priorities or the “straight stuff’ would have long since gone by the boards. For in addition to these attributes, the Mclean Hatch are poor cutters, low headed dumb fighters, that usually take two or three shots before unleashing one of their patented hay makers. Obviously as the heels got faster their ability to win lessened, so they are useless now if fought pure. Their value then, is only as an ingredient to produce battle cocks.

Ted Mclean bought “Gamecock Farm” in Maryland and built one of the best all around chicken plants I have ever seen. He gave me a trio of his Hatch fowl in 1948 and shortly thereafter I bought a farm within a short distance from his. I suppose I was at Gamecock Farm a couple of times a week and everyday during fighting season, because we fought a heavy schedule and chickens were almost always in the cock house for conditioning. At least one experimental cross was tried each year and many produced superior battle cocks, but as soon as one quit, all chickens containing that blood, came under the axe. I saw an awful lot of chickens killed and when he retired from the game in 1954 and only the “straight stuff” remained. All of these fowl were given to me.



Sometime in the 1970's, Sherll Penny hired a man from OK by the name of Jimmy Johnson to come down and work for him. He stayed for 4 years with Mr. Penny, setting up brood pens and fighting roosters with Mr. Penny. During that time what they called the Left Nose hatch came about, they named them this as this is how they marked them. I do not know the amount of each, but this is what was bread into and set as a family by Mr. Johnson, Ruble Hatch, Blueface hatch, McLean Hatch, and claret, the man that gave me this information said that once set as a family they carried 1/8 claret, but he did not know the amounts of the 3 hatch family's, Mr. Penny did very well with this family, as they were deep game, fantastic fighting fowl,, once he decided to start selling them, he started calling them Penny hatch instead of Left Nose hatch.



by L. C. Guneau

This is written in reply to the many requests for a true and authentic history of the modern strain of pit game fowl known as Pink Hatch. Before going into further details let me say this; neither I or this strain of fowl need publicity. I have never raised enough of them to supply the demand and still have enough of them left for my own use. In fact I could sell all of them I care to raise without a single line of advertising in any magazine.

As to their origin I think it best at least more interesting, to describe some of the fowl that went into their make-up. I could just say they are the result of a Dan Tracy Pyle/Long Island Roundhead cross, but it is not that simple, for the Long Island Roundheads are the net result of considerable crossing and blending, also the Tracy's carry a wee bit of outside blood. So, to just say they are the result of a simple cross does not really tell the full story. Unfortunately I am unable to give as much information on the history of the Tracy Irish Piles as I can on the Long Island Roundheads, although I have made several trips to Ireland in an effort to run down as much information as possible on these wonderful and beautiful fowl. The Tracys are about the 5th or 6th strain of Pyle colored chickens I have tried crossing on Roundheads in the past half century. Briefly I crossed my good Allen Roundheads on Travelers and got dunghills, I crossed them on Blue Boones and got dunghills, I also crossed them on Lundy Wild Cat Blues and got good battle cocks in long heels. Don't know what they would have done in short heels as I was fighting in long heels at the time, as most of the above experimenting goes back almost fifty years.

As the years went by I added new blood to my Allen's by way of Cowan's Alabama Roundheads, and a shot of the Big Four
Roundheads which were at one time fought extensively along the Ohio River in KY, WV, OH and points west. But I always kept my Allen's basically Allen in looks and performance for I liked their smart heads-up style of fighting and their deadly cutting.

After coming to New York I added one quarter Sandy Hatch, set them at that stage and have fought them in both long and short heels ever since. So now it comes out that the Pink Hatch have exactly one eighth Sandy Hatch in them, which obviously comes thru the Long Island Roundhead side. One can see at a glance that the little Tracy cock is much smaller, also slimmer in his body and lower stationed, while the Pink Hatch is larger, taller, more robust in his body and a little more red in his coloring. Some of the pure Tracy's come almost pure white, but the Pinks invariably have deeper colors. I even get a red once in awhile, and each season I get two or three grays, but will explain later about the grays.

The original Amesbury Gray cock, a 17 time winner, whose blood was infused into the Dan Tracy Pyles when Frank Welsh,
Dave's uncle, lost every Dan Tracy he had except one pullet. After the original cross he bred the stags back to the old hen for about nine years, each year cutting down the outside blood by one-half until (genetically) there was something on the order of one-five hundreds-and twelfths part Amesbury Gray in the pure Dan Tracy's.

The Gray color rarely shows up in the pure Tracy's, but will crop out once in a while when new blood is infused. I have noticed I get more grays from the Long Island Roundhead crosses than any other. One thing is very evident, the grays are very well built, and are power cocks, and I can see no difference in their ability. If the Mendell law is correct, when a color or any other characteristic goes recessive it will remain dormant but not extinct, and will crop up occasionally and infinitum or endlessly that part of the theory I can understand, for it is happening every year right in front of my eyes, but what I don't understand is why the recessive comes out more often in one strain or cross than another. Insofar as I know there has never been a drop of gray blood put into the Allen's or Cowans, or Big Fours; or hatch either for that matter, notwithstanding some of the writers who have had the Hatch coming every color of the rainbow.

The Amesbury Grays were a local strain, bred and fought around Amesbury, Mass. and I understand they were blend of Billy Anderson Tassel, Arch Ruport's Kearney and perhaps other bloodlines of which I am not aware. One reason I bring up the background of the Amesbury Grays is that they had a tassel, which the Tracy's inherited, and which gradually disappeared, and now they are always smooth heads, but the gray color still crops up. Perhaps some of our geneticists can explain why the tassel, which was also recessive finally disappeared but the gray color never did? But, whatever their makeup, these Amesbury Grays sure must have been some chicken. Dave Taylor, who had the original Amesbury Gray cock a 17x winner, told me that the cock won nine fights as a stag and eight as a cock and was never beaten in the pit. He said his uncle Frank Welsh told him that he never regretted putting the Gray blood into his Dan Tracy's, for it sure did help bring them back, as he was about finished with only one hen left after a dog raid on his yards. But that is only one chapter of the Dan Tracy Pyle story. This strain of game fowl have been bred as a family and fairly true to color and type for at least 250 years, maybe longer. During that time they have fought, and been known as champions in many countries, and have been known by several different names. Dan Tracy is merely the name they go under in America. In Ireland they were known as Galway Pyles and several others of which I am unaware. King Charles of England was their originator, and it was he who took them to Ireland. Today nearly every cocker in Ireland has Pyles, no doubt all
descendants of this one strain. I saw some real good ones fight over there, but the real good ones had been beefed up with infusions of other good Irish strains. It seems the Kearney infused Pyle blood into his Brown Red Whitehackles and it still shows up occasionally. I recently fought a pure Mike Kearney in the Eastern Pit few weeks after he had fought in Alaska in long heels, and he has several pure white feathers in his breast. Some of these pure Mike Kearney's come a light buckskin tan, almost the same as Pyle color. I wish I could tell you more about the Dan Tracy Pyle side of my Pink Hatch, but I do not wish to pose as an expert where I know so little. Of one thing I am sure, there is not another strain on this earth like them, and although they are not strong enough in their purity to be good pit cocks against the modern power blends, I hope to always have some of them around, for they are the proudest and most likable fowl I have ever owned, and for blending or infusing into a stronger strain they are pure gold. I have never offered any of the pure Dan Tracy's for sale and don't intend to. Most people today want a big, strong, aggressive cock that will tear right in there and fight like a tiger, and they don't have time or patience enough to understand or appreciate these little Pyles cocks from our of the past.

It would make me feel real bad to know they were in the hands of the wrong person and were being treated badly. Some twenty odd years ago I got a pair of Dr. Robinson Pyles from Ed Devonald of New Jersey. The cock was a small pea head, or low comb Pyle cock, well set up, but low stationed. The hen was a big robust hen that was the toughest hen I ever owned. She was a straight comb with dark legs. I infused this Dr. Robinson Pyle blood into some of my Long Island Roundheads and got good pit cocks, and they were desperately game, in fact too game for their own good as they would kill each other off while still very young, which made them very hard to raise. The stags would start fighting as soon as they could stand up, and keep it up until trimming time at which stage there would not be too many good ones left. I fought several of the Dr. Robinson Pyle/Long Island Roundheads cocks in long heels down along the Ohio river and at Cobert Riggsby's pit in Catlettsburg, KY, and along the Kanawha river during the 2nd World War when I went down to Charleston, WV to take over the foremanship of the spray paint assembly in the Naval Ordinance plant where the 11:75 rockets were in production. These Pyle/R.H. proved very good in long heels and I fought them as long as I was down there. After the war I came back to New York and picked up my business here, which had been run for me by a
friend. When I brought my chickens back to New York I brought back a few of the Pyle/R.H. crosses and kept them around for a  good many years. But they were so hard to raise I had just about ran out on them when Bob McGarrity of Atlantic City, N.J. gave me a pair of the pure Dan Tracy's which he had gotten from Frank Welsh some time previously, before Frank Welsh passed away. This would be about the 5th or 6th strain of Pyle fowl I had tried crossing on my Roundheads over a period of a half century. I don't know why I kept trying, unless I had had partial success with the Wild Cat Blue Roundhead cross, and with the Dr. Robinson
Roundhead cross, aside from the fact that a Pyle chicken always fascinated me. Anyway, I sent the pair of Dan Tracy Pyles up to Carl Fauske of Ill. who had purchased Long Island Roundheads from me several years ago, and told him to cross Pyles on the Long Island Roundheads for me. He did, and that was the beginning of the Pink Hatch. The name Pink hatch started as a joke, but the name has stuck, and it is no joke, any more. I have tried different percentage infusions of these two strains, but have found the original cross was the best, and that is the way I have set the strain, and have bred and fought them that way for several years. They now come very uniform as to size and shape and ability. As stated before I get a very few off-colored ones, but I never offer for sale one of the grays, or the occasional reds. I fight them myself for a customer might not understand. As to the exact bloodlines of the Pink Hatch it would figure out about as follows: one-half Long Island Roundhead, which strain carries one-quarter Sandy Hatch. One-half Dan Tracy Pyle, which carries one-five hundredth or so of Amesbury Gray, which said Dan Tracy Pyle are about as pure as any strain you will find today. If you think this hot air, just sit down and figure out how much Amesbury Gray blood will remain after 9 years of continuous line breeding back to the old hen, or figure as some breeders are inclined to do, the hen will throw ninety percent of the blood of the offspring, which would reduce the percent of Gray blood down to astronomical figures. But
the gray stag or two still coming along each season. This experience should prove interesting to the young chap who may think he can breed cold blood out of a strain of pit game fowl. In fact, it would be more difficult to breed out the dunkie blood than it is to breed out the Amesbury Gray! Being a game family will do no harm to another game family, but the cold blood will utterly destroy them.

I will not go into a long windy yarn about how great the Pink Hatch are, but will say only that they are now proving themselves all over the world in all kinds of weapons. One of their more likable traits is their good temper. They are always happy, easy to work with, and very intelligent. Just the opposite of the Dr. Robinson Pyle cross. The latter proved mean and hard to handle from the day they were brought in and trimmed, adn they never seemed to get over it, no matter how patient and gentle I was with them. This
trait I could never understand, for the pure Dr. Robinson Pyle were not nasty to handle, and we all know how good natured and intelligent a well bred Roundhead is. So there is another riddle for the geneticists to chew on. I have been unable to come up with the answer, and the Lord knows I have tried, for I always had a burning desire to have a strain of Pyles that I could depend on, and that could win. And so, after a half century of trying I have come up with just about what I have been looking for. I am holding my Pink Hatch at exactly the proportions described above and I can see no need for any change in the foreseeable future. They come large and robust, strong and well set up, some of them weigh over six pounds, but most are in the good derby range.

This my friends is the best I can give you on the history of the Pink hatch, and I hope it may have proved interesting to you. After so many requests, and so much interest being shown I think you are entitled to it, so I have done my best.



Mr. E. S. Hatch of long island, new York, passed a way sometime in April, we know none of the details, except that he died suddenly, supposedly from a heart attack. He was very close to 80 years of age, looked less than 70,

While Mr. hatch has been known in gamefowl circles in the north ending neighborhood of 50 years, it is only in recent years that he has become, more or less, nationally known as a breeder, this is, due to his condition with the long island entry at Florida tournaments ,and also to the fact that he is fowl have been become commercialized, to a considerable extent, in the past years, prior to that time, it was considers something of a accomplishment to get a hold of a Hatch cock, close free and an associate for about the only was able to get to the first base,

A great many different mean have worked for Mr. Hatch as feeders and or fowl caretakers. It was in the very early 30s that Heinie Mathesius went with him. Heating various fowl with him from New Jersey to the hatch estate, from that come on more experimenting and crossing took place there, while he may be our imagination is seem to us that Mr. hatch from that time until his death took less interest in his fowl than formerly, he was very fond of Heinie, he said he did more work than three average mean in was careful and consistent about everything, and an excellent feeder, still it seemed to us Mr. Hatch did not guard them so carefully from then on or display the same interest in him that he had,

Some claims the Hatch fowl, with infusions and crosses of the Mathesius fowl, were much improved while many others denied, certainly they work changed and changed a lot after he took over.

The first we saw of these were back about 20 years ago at Troy, New York, we saw VM at the same place in mains and
tournaments a good many times after that, from the end up to about 1932 or so .they were mostly very stout powerful built dark Red with yellow Legs, both straight and pea comb and a wallop like a trip hammer, many of them were low head, dumb and clumsy, but, win or lose ,the next year and next they would look the same and fight the same , many good men who saw them would give an eye tooth to get one, and did not come close, in nearly every main, he would show from 1 to 2 or three, mostly real dark gray and with green legs and pea comb, it anything, they were poorer fighters than the others, but nothing gamer ever we have to. You had to kill one to beat them, or he would count you out. These are what are known now at Hatch green legs.

We may to Mr. Hatch at the claymore tournament a year ago, he told a then that the foundation of his fowl were his green legs, which he got from Jim Cassidy of Huntington, long island, New York, many years ago, and some black Red and he got from the famous Harry Genet of somewhere around in New York, many years ago, he had some fowl that became famous, we had heard of the Genet Pyles for years but never heard of the black reds until Mr. Hatch mentioned them.

Mr. Hatch got a lot of fowl from Cassidy over a considerable length of time, yards, trios, cocks, etc. he did not know just what they were, but they were said to be Kearney fowl. Casey was one of the Kearney clique around New York for many years.

(This is the creator of the Hatch gamefowl - who infused Roundheads, Kearney Long Island Whitehackles, and Brownreds)


By H. Duff

Henry Wortham was working for Jack Walton at the time Jack decided to sell out. Henry knew Manuel Massey who was feeding for Paul Harvey, a professional wager from Odessa, Texas. Henry asked Manuel to form a plan with him in order to get Paul to buy the fowl. Manuel talked Paul into purchasing 12 cocks from Jack. Henry tied pieces of string on the cages of 12 double barrel aces. When Paul and Manuel selected the 12 cocks, Manuel picked only the ones with strings on the cages that Henry planted. This was unknown to both Jack Walton and Paul Harvey. After all 12 cocks were selected by Manuel, Jack told Paul that he didn't know about Manuel's feeding ability but he selected the 12 best cocks he owned, besides the brood cocks!

Manuel Massey got the cocks ready for the sunset tournament. They won easily. Paul Harvey and Manuel won several other big tournaments shortly thereafter. This made Paul and Massey the top cock fighter that year. This all happened in the early 1952. The wins convinced Paul to purchase the rest of Jack Walton's fowl. Paul paid Jack the sum of $20,000.

Paul Harvey hired professional union carpenters to build pens for the fowl. Carpenters worked around the clock getting the pens on Paul's estate ready. When the pens were completed, Paul and Massey drove to Dallas with boxes for the cocks and u-haul trailers for the hens and little ones. During this time Henry was selling to others some good Walton Hatch to others unknown to Paul. I had heard that some of these cockfighters were Clarence Stewart, Ray Hoskins, Richard Bates, and the Everett brothers of Hood County Red fame. Harold Wells ended up with the "Bone Crusher" cock which was one of the original 12 cocks. Harold started a family of Bone Crushers that became a major force at the Jal N.M. pit ran by Tommy Booth. Over a period of 20 to 30 years Paul Harvey sold many Walton Hatch. At the time he decided to sell all the Walton fowl. Bill Patterson bought the best of what he had left. Bill still raises and fights the Walton Hatch fowl. The Walton Hatch, if inbred over a long period will come spangle with pearl colored legs, red eyes, and large bones. Their temperament is nasty.

The Walton fowl will put gameness and hitting power into any breed. Also they will add bone size if your breed is coming small. To finish the story, Paul Harvey bought the Percy Flowers blue face bloodline and continued to win derbies until his death. Bill Lisenbee purchased the remaining Blueface bloodline fowl at Paul's death. If you ever owned a Walton Hatch you will never stop breeding a few because of their gameness and tremendous power.
If you have any further questions about this rare breed of Hatch, contact me (NOT The Game Fowl Connection but the author H. Duff). I am truly glad that I was part of the Jack Walton fowl history.

White Laced Red Cornish, as were all Cornish, were originally known as Indian-Games, and have been around since the early 1900's.  Like their cousins, the Dark Cornish, these beautiful White Laced Reds are known for their sturdy looks and brilliant rich red feathers which are laced or tipped in white.  White Laced Red Cornish are very hardy and are known to survive in adverse conditions. the standard weight for a male is 7.5 pounds and the standard weight for a female is 6 pounds.  The Hens are good producers of a tinted egg.   Cornish are recommended for meat production, they have large drumsticks and breasts.  We have not found them to be aggressive towards us even though they look fierce; but the  mature Roosters do not get along well with each other.

Colonel Sanders uses gamefowl as the meat in his chickens! The best all around poultry for any purpose or lifestyle.
In the old days the coyotes would eat all of the chickens except the gamefowl because they roosted high enough in the trees to avoid threats in the wild.  As a result the game fowl is all that the Colonel had left.  Natures natural selection.



The Winningest Fowl in the World bred by Ray Alexander! This man has some of the best Clarets and Roundheads.  He also has Hatch, Kelso, and Democrats. He lives in Lincoln, Alabama, on US HWY 78 give him a call at (205) 956-1291 or (205) 763-9601 - His trios cost $1,000.00

Major Circuit Fowl - The only guy Ralph Bridges ever bought fowl from - When he crossed his roundheads with Charlie Carrs Racey Mugs they were un stoppable in Texas.  He has several books, videos, and breeds.  Like the Colonel he only has quality and has perfected his fowl - so you will do well with the quality this man has competed with for over 30 years. - Tell him the Colonel sent you...
Phone (cell) (937-307-3776
P.O. Box 327
Coker, AL 35452

Dr. J.F. Vance
(830) 538-2523
J.F. Vance of San Antonio, Texas whose address is 16485 FM 1957 San Antonio Texas 78253-6838  - I recommend calling him and talking to him about his fowl which include, Hatch, Perfection Greys, Doc Robinson Kelso's, and Madigan Clarets. His phone number is: (830) 538-2523

Dr. John Kozura III
1100 N. Bonnie Brae, Denton, Texas 76201 after 8pm
call (940) 383-3973
Brood Trios Only! start at $1,000.00 - He is known for his Muff & Toppy fowl that were started by his father John Kozura II over 80 years ago.  He also has Hatch, Shuffler, and Sweater.

Colonel C.C. Sanders
P.O. Box 428
Little Elm, TX 75068
P.O. Box ???
Lake Hughes, CA 93532

work  (940) 337-3168 or
home (940) 592-5369 between  10p.m. - 1a.m. central standard time



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